Períodos de rotación.

"ROTATIONAL  PERIODS AND  PEAK TO VALLEY 
  AMPLITUDES OF THE ROTATIONAL LIGHT CURVES OF COMETS"
---------------------------------------------------------

Ignacio Ferrín,
Center for Fundamental Physics,
University of the Andes,
Mérida, Venezuela,
ferrin@ula.ve

Introduction.  
=============
      In this document  you will  find what we believe is
the most complete  compilation of rotational periods and
peak to valley amplitudes (APTV) of the rotational light 
curves of comets.
      You are welcome to use this data set which has been
written in ASCII format for your convenience, so that it
can be transported easily. However we request, in accord
with scientific  principles,  to give  proper  credit to 
this  work:  

Ferrín, I., "Secular Light Curve of Comets,
II: 133P/Elst-Pizzarro, an Asteroidal Belt Comet", 2006,
ICARUS, in press.  Updated regularly at the web site:
http://www.webdelprofesor.ula.ve/ciencias/ferrin

    A preliminary analysis of this data has already been
carried out (above reference) with the following result:
there   is  a  correlation  of  rotational  periods  and 
diameters that may  be evidence of rotational evolution.
An histogram of number vs rotational period,  allows the
determination  of  a  rotational  error   for   snapshot 
observations, of  ±0.63  magnitudes.  The  histogram  is 
available elsewhere in this web page. 

      Please  contribute  to  this  effort by  making 
corrections and additions, or by sending new data.

Updates
============
051126 Schleicher et al. 1998.
051205 Snodgrass et al. 2005.
060304 Toth and Lisse, 2006.
060812 Weissman et al., 1999.
061103 Manzini et al., 2006.
061103 Snodgrass et al. 2006 in press
061105 Jorda & Lecacheux (IAUC 5664)
070117 Boehnhardt et al. (2002)
070214 Lowry and Weissman (2007)
070408 Wasserman et al. (1995)
070408 Larson&Hergenrother (1995)
070409 Schleicher and Osip (2002)

Table 1 
=======
ROTATIONAL PERIODS AND PEAK TO VALLEY AMPLITUDES
OF THE ROTATIONAL LIGHT CURVES OF COMETS.
======================================================================
COMET                   PROT[hr]   APTV[mag]  REFERENCES
======================================================================
001P/Halley*            53.96     1.1       Belton et al. (1986)
                       177.6      ----      Millis and Schleicher (1986)
                        52.8      ----      Sagdeev et al. (1989)
                       177.6      ----      Sagdeev et al. (1989)
                        -----     0.81      Meech et al. (1986)     
002P/Encke*             15.08     0.62      Luu and Jewitt (1990)
                        14.95     0.88      Jewitt and Meech (1987)
                        15.21    >0.7       Fernandez et al. (2000)
                        11.01     0.27      Lowry et al. (2003)
                        11.083    0.25      Lowry and Weissman (2007)
004P/Faye               -----     0.51      Lamy and Toth, (1995)
006P/D'Arrest            7.20     0.18      Lowry and Weissman (2003)
                        -----     1.1       Wasserman et al. (1995)
007P/Pons-Winnecke       8.2      ----      Sekanina, (1989)
008P/Tuttle             -----    >0.2       Licandro et al. (2000)
009P/Tempel 1           40.7      0.3       Meech et al. (2000)
                        41.85     0.7       Belton et al. (2005)
                        -----     0.34      Lamy et al. (2001)
                        14-39     ----      Weissman et al. (1999)
010P/Temple 2            8.9      ----      Jewitt and Meech, (1988)
                         8.93     0.67      Sekanina (1991)
                         8.95     0.75      Jewitt and Luu (1989)
                         8.9      0.6       A'Hearn et al. (1989)
                         8.94     0.62      Mueller and Ferrin (1996)
014P/Pons-Winnecke       7.53     0.29      Snodgrass et al. (2005)
017P/Holmes              7.2      0.28      Snodgrass et al. (2006)
                         8.6      0.28      Snodgrass et al. (2006)
                        10.3      0.28      Snodgrass et al. (2006)
                        12.8      0.33      Snodgrass et al. (2006)
019P/Borelly            25.0      0.95      Lamy et al., (1998)
                        26.0      1.0       Mueller, Samarasinha(2002)
021P/Giacobini-         -----     0.4       Mueller (1991)
     Zinner              9.5      ----      Leibowitz and Brosch, (1986)
022P/Kopff              12.30     0.55      Lowry and Weissman (2003) 
023P/Brorsen-Metcalf    13.5-15.0 ----      Watanabe and Nakamura,(1990)
                        30-40     ----      Watanabe and Nakamura,(1990)
026P/Grigg-Skjellerup   -----    >0.3       Licandro et al. (2000) 
028P/Neujmin 1          12.67     0.5       Jewitt and Meech (1988)
                        -----     0.71      Campins et al. (1987)
                        12.6      0.42      Wisniewski et al. (1986)
                        12.7      0.56      Mueller and Heinrichs (2002)
			12.75     0.45      Delahodde et al. (2001)
029P/SW 1               14/32     ----      Meech et al. (1993)
                         5.0      ----      Whipple (1980)
                     >1440.       ----      Stansberry et al. (2004)
                         6.       ----      Jewitt (1990)
                        10.       0.50      Luu and Jewitt, (1993)
030P/Reinmuth 1         -----     0.7       Scotti(IAUC6072) 
031P/SW2                 5.58     0.53      Luu and Jewitt, 1992
========================================================================

Table 1. (Continued) ROTATIONAL PERIODS AND PEAK TO VALLEY AMPLITUDES 
OF THE ROTATIONAL LIGHT CURVES OF COMETS.
======================================================================
Comet                   PROT [hr]   AROT[mag]   REFERENCES
======================================================================
036P/Whipple             3.5      ----      Snodgrass et al. (2005)
037P/Forbes             -----    >0.5       Licandro et al. (2000)
041P/Tuttle-Giacobini-  -----     0.7       Larson&Hergenrother (1995)
     Kresak
044P/Reinmuth 2         -----     1.3       Scotti (1993)
046P/Wirtanen            7.6     >0.09      Meech et al. (1997)
                         6.0      0.22      Lamy et al., (1998)  
                        6-7.5     0.15      Boehnhardt et al. (2002)
047P/Ashbrook-Jackson   11.2      0.26      Snodgrass et al. (2006)      
                        15.5      0.25      Snodgrass et al. (2006)
                        21.6      0.38      Snodgrass et al. (2006)
                        44.0      1.35      Snodgrass et al. (2006)
048P/Johnson            29.00     0.32      Jewitt and Sheppard (2004) 
049P/Arend-Rigaux        6.78     0.38      Jewitt and Meech (1985)
                        -----     0.55      Vedeer et al, (1987)
                        13.47     0.72      Millis et al. (1988)
                        13.6      0.53      Wisniewski et al. (1986)
055P/Tempel-Tuttle      15.31     0.76      Hainaut et al. (1998)
                        14.79     ----      Jorda et al. (1998)
065P/Gunn               -----    >0.3       Licandro et al. (2000)
067P/Churyumov-         12.3      ----      Lamy et al. (2003a)
     Gerasimenko        -----    >0.61      Mueller (1991)     
073P/S-W 3              -----     0.57      Boehnhardt et al. (1999)
074P/Smirnova-Chernykh  -----    >0.3       Licandro et al. (2000)
081P/Wild 2             -----     0.55      Ferrin (2005)
082P/Gehrels 3          -----    >0.6       Licandro et al. (2000)
092P/Sanguin             6.22     0.40      Snodgrass et al. (2005)
095P/2060 Chiron         5.92     0.05      Campins et al. (1994)
096P/Machholz 1          6.38     0.3       Lamy et al. (2003b)
097P/Metcalf-Brewington -----    >0.7       Licandro et al. (2000)
098P/Takamizawa         -----    >0.6       Licandro et al. (2000)
103P/Hartley 2          -----    >0.1       Licandro et al. (2000)
107P/Wilson-Harrington   6.1      0.21      Osip et al. (1995)
109P/Swift-Tuttle       69.36     ----      Yoshida et al, (1993)
                        67.5      ----      Fomenkova et al. (1995)
                        66.5      ----      Sekanina, (1981)
                        69.6      ----      Jorda&Lecacheux(IAUC5664)
110P/Hartley 3          10        ----      Lamy et al. (2003b)
126P/IRAS                4.9      ----      Groussin et al. (2004)
133P/Elst-Pizarro        3.47     0.39      Hsieh et al. (2004)
137P/Shoemaker-Levy 2   -----    >0.4       Licandro et al. (2000)
143p/Kowal-Mrkos        17.2      ----      Lamy et al. (2003b)
147P/Kushida-Muramatsu   9.5      ----      Lamy et al. (2003b)
P/Levy 1991 XI           8.34     0.35      Fitzsimmons, Williams (1994)     
C/1995 O1 Hale-Bopp     11.23     ----      Ortiz and Rodriguez (1999) 
                        11.47     ----      Lecacheux et al. (1997)
                        11.35     ----      Jorda et al. (1999)
                        11.31     ----      Schleicher et al. (1998)
Levy 1990 XX            17.0      ----      Feldman et al. (1992)
                        18.9      ----      Magdziarz et al. (1995)
                        37.8      ----      Schleicher et al. (1991)
                        24        ----      Fulle et al. (1992)
========================================================================

Table 1. (Continued) ROTATIONAL PERIODS AND PEAK TO VALLEY AMPLITUDES.
======================================================================
Comet                   PROT [hr]     AROT[mag]      REFERENCES
======================================================================
Alcock 1963b            24        ----      UR
Whipple-Fedtke-        540        ----      Bobrovnikoff (1945)
        Tevzadze 1942g
Bennett 1970 II         35        ----      Larson and Minton (1973)
Hyakutake 1996B2         6.30     ----      Lisse et al., (1999)
                         6.274    ----      Schleicher and Osip (2002)
Burnham 1960 II         94        ----      UR
Austin  1982g           84        ----      UR

Comet 1744             115.2      ----      Pansechi and Fulle (1991)
Brooks 1893 IV          91        ----      Vorontsov-Velyaminov, (1930)
West 1976 VI            48        ----      Sekanina and Farrel, (1978)
Mrkos 1957 V            19.7      ----      Sekanina and Farrel, (1982)
Iras-Araki-Alcock 83VII 51        ----      Sekanina, (1988)                
Bakharew-Macfarlane-   474        1.1       Ferrin (2002)
         Krienke 
1996 PW                 35.44     0.44      Davies et al. (1998)
C/1999 S4 LINEAR         5.2      ----      Toth and Lisse (2006)
C/2001 OG 108 LONEOS    57.19     0.3       Abell et al. (2003)
C/2001 Q4 NEAT          23.2      ----      Lecacheux and Frappa (2004)
C/2002 V1 NEAT          60        ----      Navarro and Riquelme (2003)
C/2002 C1 Ikeya-Zhang   35.5      ----      Manzini et al. (2006)
C/2004 Q2 Machholz       9.1      ----      Sastri&Vasundhara(IAUC8480)
C/2004 F4 Bradfield     12        ----      Sekanina (IAUC8326)
=======================================================================
*1P/Halley and 2P/Encke exhibit complex rotation (two periods).
Statistics: 
4.9 h<Prot<540 h, 
Prot = 39.98±82.60 h (91 observations)
0.05<ptv-Amplitude < 1.3 magnitudes, 
ptv-Amplitudes = 0.52±0.26 (58 observations). 
UR= Unpublished Result, Ferrín (2006).
Totals:  
72 comets,  
94 rotational periods, 
71 peak-to-valley rotational amplitudes,  
90 references. 
=======================================================================

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